'''Eleanora Fagan''' (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), professionally known as '''Billie Holiday''', was an American jazz
musician and singer-songwriter
with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed "'''Lady Day'''" by her friend and music partner Lester Young
, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz music and pop music|pop
singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating Phrase (music)|phrasing
. She was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education. There were other jazz singers with equal talent, but Holiday had a voice that captured the attention of her audience.
After a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs in Harlem
, where she was heard by the producer John Hammond (producer)|John Hammond
, who commended her voice. She signed a...